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Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. | / [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] -V w, my nalism, Tran- Ish and r is but ce then r. COPYRIGHT, 1922, BY ATTTPiri '-\ 8c llou Co., Bingham Um, Jf. Our own country, the United States of North America, is mindful of her duty and her privilege on this occasion, and accredited delegates are bearing her congratulations to her ever-faithful associate in the pro- moting of peace and fraternity throughout the Western Hemisphere.
We also ask that you: Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes. 1 1 Digitized by Google COPYMGHT, 1922, BY ALFRED A. Bet^ond pr In Ud I9 the Va U-Banou Co., Binahamton, It. Perhaps it will not be taken amiss, if the scholar and critic add his testimonial to the expressions of good-will coming from all sides.
Gaul, is generally divided into three parts : ( i ) from ) the discovery by the Portuguese in 1500 to the Inde-L pendence in 1822; (2) the independent monarchy, which \ lasted until 1889; (3) the republic, 1889 to the present. Down from the Greeks had come the legend of an Atlantis, which, through the centuries assumed changing shapes, losing soon its status as continent and becoming an island.
J This, then, is the centenary year of Brazilian independ- ence and, as no English book has yet sought to trace the literary history of the nation, the occasion seems pro- pitious for such a modest introductory one as this. Helio Lobo, Consul General in New York for Brazil; and to my friend Professor J. Thus, in a map of the Atlas Medicis, dating back to 135 1, there is registered a Brazil. ir, Brazil, Brazylle to O'Brasile, and the position shifted with equal instability; now the mythical island was near the Azores, now near the western coast of the British Isles.
Usage guidelines Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. ro- Repair service Date ^ - 7- V:^ Regular [ ] Rush [ l^^ Author and title Accession no, A ^ 3 I vp 4 Special book plate [ 3 Branch ^^ C^ , Photostat mag, pp. Y, ED STATES Of AMBMCA Digitized by Google TO BURTON KLINE , of the Philadelphia Public Ltdgtr I Dear Burton: You were, some eight years ago, my S§ guide into the thorny mazes of Journalism, «S and printed, in the Boston Evening Tran- script, my first articles upon Spanish and Portuguese American letters. (& Digitized by Google Digitized by Google FOREWORD Brazil is preparing to commemorate worthily the cen- tenary of her independence.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians. Another copy in Tx U Another edition in Tx U Superficial mending Sent to Bind, Prep, date Mo-C152-Ja45 (j . This is but a small return for the friendship since then established. The world outside is bid- den to the feast, and to beautiful Rio de Janeiro many nations are sending their envoys with felicitations and gifts.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed. FORD Smith Pn Uistr tf tht Frtneh and Spanish Languagts, Harvard Univtrsity NEW YORK ALFRED • A • KNOPF MCMXXII ■ Digitized by Ci OOgle COPYMGHT, 1922, BY ALFRED A. Betvtfmtd prin Ud 5y the Vott-Ba Uou Co., Binffhamton, N. His lauda- tion, moreover, is uttered without any tinge of that conde- scension which European critics deem it incumbent upon them to manifest when they pass judgment on the cul- ture of North or South America. Ford, head of the De- partment of Romance Languages, Harvard Univer- sity.
Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world. To his fellow-citizens of the United States of North America Dr. Digitized by Google PREFACE The plans for this book, as well as for my Studies in Spanish-American Literature, were conceived during the years 1910-1912 while I was engaged in research work under Professor J. It was not merely that text-books were lacking in both the Spanish-American and the Brazilian fields, for my interest is centred upon aesthetic pleasure rather than upon the depersonalized transmission of facts.
As Jai£L...gsi899, Vacher de Lapouge, in his book on UAryen coul3^descri He" Brazil as a *Vast negro state returning to a state of savagery,*^ important, Kke Mexico, only in a numerical way.* A small return, it seems, for Brazil's intellectual adherence to France, yet indicative of inexcusable ignorance not only of Brazil, but of Mexico, where the cultural life, though concen- trated, is intense and productive of results that would repay examination.
Robert Southey, for not- able example, after the collapse of the "pantisocratic" plans harboured by him and Coleridge, found the time to write a History of Brazil that is read today only some- what less frequently than his poetry. Students of Bra- zilian letters will not find it difficult to multiply instances from their personal experience with educated friends. M9dification — Na- tionalism and Literature — Pi'oblems hf live Feature — Phases of Brazilian Literature.
Digitized by Google PREFACE 3d The history of Brazil, like Caesar's unforgettable. ALTHOUGH Brazil was not discovered until the opening year of the sixteenth-xentury, the name had long hovered in the mediaeval conscious- ness together with that of those other mysterious islands which peopled the maps and the imaginations of the dark, fantastic days.
If, then, we are, as a people, quite as far as ever from Spanish America, what shall we say of our spiritual distance from the United States of Brazil ?
I may be pardoned if I indicate, for example, that the language of Brazil is not Spanish, but Portuguese.